Peter III was the grandson of Peter the Great by his wife daughter Anna. Soon after his aunt Elizabeth took the throne he was taken from Germany to be trained as her heir, though it was soon realized that he had many issues. Peter was extremely loyal to Prussia and anything Prussian- he refused to even learn Russian only speaking German, he also loved the military and playing with military dolls. He came to the throne in 1762 and ruled for only 6 months before a coup put his wife Catherine on the throne and resulted in his death at 34 years old. The son of Peter III, Paul I shared the same fate as his father. Paul waited the 34 years of his mother's reign to become Tsar. He like his father was pro-Prussian as well as eccentric, very militaristic, along with a love of military dolls. Paul was extremely unpopular just like his father and 4 years into his reign he too was killed at 46 years old in a coup that placed his eldest son Alexander on the Russian throne. The next unlucky Tsar, was the grandson of Paul, Alexander II. Alexander II was the "Tsar Liberator" who freed the serfs. Many felt that he did not do enough, others that he did too much. There were 7 attempts on Alexander's life, the last one finally killing him after 26 years on the throne at the age of 62. Alexander's grandson Nicholas II was the last official Tsar who too had attempts on his life before he died. Nicholas is the last official Tsar of the Russian Empire, and abdicated in 1917 a year before his death in 1918. Nicholas ruled for 23 years, and died at the age of 50. While unofficial, Tsar Ivan VI who was deposed as an infant ruling for only a year, could also be seen as an assassinated Tsar as he was killed at the age of 23, the brother of Nicholas II, Grand duke Michael and the son of Nicholas II, Tsarevich Alexei can audio be seen as assassinated Tsars as they both can be seen as the successor of Nicholas II they died at ages 39 and 13 respectively.
In the Romanov family, the name Alexandra seemed to have bad luck when it came to the women who had the name. Grand duchess Alexandra Pavlovna was the eldest daughter of Tsar Paul I, she died when only 17 years old giving birth to a daughter who died the same day. The next unlucky Alexandra was Alexandra Feodorovna (nee Charlotte of Prussia) wife of Nicholas I, all her life she was sickly and after the Decembrist Revolt she had horrible neurological problems that plagued her fit the rest of her life and died in her sleep at the age of 62. Grand duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna was the next unfortunate girl, banned after her aunt, she shared the same fate dying at only 19, her son dying shortly after birth. Grand duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna was the eldest child of Alexander II, she died at the age of 6 of infant meningitis. The last cursed Alexandra was Alexandra Feodorovna (nee Alix of Hesse) wife of Nicholas II, plagued by illness real or imaginary all her life, she also gave her only son and heir the dreaded disease, Hemophilia, and was executed by the Bolsheviks at the age of 46.
"In the purple" is a phrase that's used quite a bit when talking about the Russian Empire. Purple is considered the color of royalty in Russia and reigning. To be born "in the purple" is to be born while your parents are reigning. For an example all of the children of Nicholas II are "born in the purple" as their father became Tsar before they were born. In contrast, Grand duchess Olga Alexandrovna was the only child born to Alexander III who was "born in the purple" all of the other children were born during the reign of their grandfather Alexander II.
My edit of "The Angel" Grand duchess Maria Nikolaevna (June 26 1899-July 17 1918). She was known as the angel of her family, the sweetest and kindest girl. All she ever wanted was to get married and have many children. Not only was she kind, but she was brave as well as strong. May she rest in peace. This was my first attempt at an edit like this, what do you think?
Happy 116th Birthday to my favorite Grand duchess Maria Nikolaevna! Here she is every year of her life edited by me. "A happy day: the Lord sent us a third daughter Maria, who was safely born at 12:10! Alix hardly slept all night, and towards the morning the pains got stronger Thank God it was all over quite quickly! My darling felt well all day and fed the baby herself. Mama arrived from Gatchina at 4 o'clock. The immediate family gathered in church for a Te Deum Had tea with Mama, wrote telegrams and went through the unbearable papers. I only managed to get out into the fresh air after dinner the evening was marvelous."
-Tsar Nicholas' diary on the birth of his third daughter Grand duchess Maria Nikolaevna.
Here you can see side by side the difference between Konstantin Makovsky's painting of Grand duchess Maria versus how Maria actually looked around the time that the painting was made. It's interesting to see how much Makovsky changed the appearance of Maria.
Many times Empress Alexandra would stay on the Standart with a daughter while the other girls would go ashore with their father. More often than not, Tatiana would faithfully stay by her mother's side. As seen in this picture Tatiana is the only daughter dressed differently, probably because she stayed behind with Alexandra.
Happy 133rd Birthday to Grand duchess Olga Alexandrovna! Grand duchess Olga Alexandrovna was the youngest child of Alexander and his wife Maria Feodorovna. She was also their only child to be born in the purple meaning while her father was ruling since she was born the year after assassination. Growing up, Olga her grandfather's was always closer to her father than to her mother. Olga was only 12 when her father died and her oldest brother Nicholas became Emperor Olga was always close to her brother, acting like an older sister to his four daughters being Godmother to both Olga(her namesake) and Anastasia. In 1901 she married Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg, an unhappy marriage that was later annulled. Olga Alexandrovna was a nurse during WWI just like her sister-in-law and nieces. Olga married a commoner, Nikolai Kulikovsky in 1916. They had two sons Tikhon(1917-1993) and Guri(1919-1984). Olga survived the revolution that killed many members of her family, and finally ended up in Canada. She said that her years in Canada with her husband and sons were the best of her life. Olga died in Canada on 24 November 1960 at the age of 78, the same year as her sister Grand duchess Xenia Alexandrovna.
Grand duchess Olga Alexandrovna colored by me.